The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is a screening tool designed specifically for older adults who may need further evaluation for depression. It is a valuable and reliable measurement tool used in clinical practice and research programs. If you suspect you are suffering from depression, you can answer the questions yourself.
Instructions: Choose the best answer for how you have felt over the past week.
Scoring: Score one point if you answered NO to Questions 1, 5, 7, 11, 13. Score one point if you answered YES to Questions 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15. Total your points.
If you have a score of five or more points, you should contact your health care provider for further evaluation.
Author: Jerry Yesavage, M.D., Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University Medical Center. Reference: Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey MB, Leirer VO: Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 17: 37-49, 1983.